There is a widespread distrust in high tech companies around the world since the scandal of the Cambridge Analytic information of Bookface broke out. A user agreement for ZAO, a Chinese-made app for changing human face images in videos became a hot issue on the internet the other day because of its provision that no person can use the app without giving the right to use their face images permanently. Many people thought that the app developer Changsha SHEER Network Technology Inc. (“ZAO Company”) infringed the user’s portrait right and privacy.
1.Circular Notice on Issuing the Overall Plan for the Lingang New Area of the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone
Promulgated by the State Council
Document Number: G.F.(2019) No.15
Promulgation date: 27 July 2019
To follow the principles of the Notice, there will be a well-designed set of rules to facilitate free trade and investment in the new area, including allowing well-known overseas arbitration and dispute resolution organizations to do arbitration activities as businesses; creating the Yangshan Special Comprehensive Bonded Area to cancel unnecessary trade regulation, permit and process requirements on the basis of full implementation of comprehensive bonded area policies; studying and using free trade accounts that combine RMB and foreign currency payment functions on experimental basis, exploring free capital flow into and out of and free capital exchange in the new area; treating international transport by ships manufactured in the country and registered in “Yangshan Port, China” as exports entitled to tax rebate; implementing globally competitive tax rules and policies, reducing enterprise income tax and other tax rates applying to eligible businesses doing manufacturing and research activities in most important parts of key areas such as integrated circuits, artificial intelligence, bio-medicine and civil aviation in the new area to 15% within five years after the business establishment date. (Source: Website of the State Council)
(By Ni Tinggang) Beijing Internet Court recently closed a case arising from the right to transmit information on the internet, in which the defendant Shenzhen Shushu Technology Co., Ltd. (“Defendant”) transmitted a continuous series of pictures from the TV series Three Lives and Three Worlds Woven Together by Secrets (“Episodes in Dispute”) by using the method of “explaining a movie with pictures”, infringing the right to transmit on the internet proprietary information of the plaintiff Youku Network Technology (Beijing) Co., Ltd. (“Plaintiff”). The court decided the identity of the infringing person and the exclusion of reasonable use for good reasons. However, I have noticed that the type of works in question and the plaintiff’s eligibility decided by the court is questionable and worth discussion.
1.Rules on Human Genetic Resources
Promulgated by the State Council
Document Number: No.717 SC Order
Promulgation date: 10 June 2019
Implementation date: 1 July 2019
The Rules provides that foreign parties cannot collect or store China’s human genetic resources or transfer them to a foreign country; foreign parties that want to use China’s human genetic resources to do scientific research have to enter into cooperation with Chinese scientific research institutions, universities and colleges, medical institutions and businesses; to transfer China’s human genetic resources to a foreign country, permission of the administrative department of science and technology of the state council is required; to transfer human genetic resources or information to or make them available in a foreign country, the recordation process shall be completed and relevant information shall be filed; in a case that may affect the public health, national security and public interests of our country, passing the security investigation organized by the administrative department of science and technology of the state council is required. (Source: Website of the State Council)
(By Lv Xuanxuan)Information about “one-stop online services” and the app of “in Shanghai” for the general public appeared on the official website of “the People’s Government of Shanghai” on 22 February 2019. Online “windows” such as “in Shanghai”, “With You”, “One-stop Online Services”, “On Your Hands”, “On Your Fingertips” give more convenience to the public to deal with administrative affairs. However, the application of the internet plus will make it more difficult to prevent “free riders” in the public service area. Search results generated by search tools in certain apps using key words about the above services frequently show account numbers and service marks that are very similar to or even the same as the official service names. This article aims to explore the protection of public service and product marks in hope of contributing to the construction of the “service government”.
1.Governmental Investment Rules
Promulgated by the State Council
Document number: G.L.No.712
Promulgation date: 5 May 2019
Implementation date: 1 July 2019
The Rules clarifies the definition, scope, decision making process, annual investment plan, implementation, supervision and management and legal liability connected with government investments. According to the Rules, government investment funds should be used in non-profit services, public infrastructure, agriculture and rural areas, ecological and environmental protection, significant technological advancement, social administration, national security and other public areas, mainly in non-business projects. All investors should be treated equally when allocating government investment funds. Discriminatory conditions are forbidden. (Source: Website of the State Council)
Alibaba recently published a new type of fonts known as “Alibaba Puhui” and announced that its customers and people around the world are authorized to use the fonts for free. Actually, there are many legal risks in use of fonts. Let me tell you how to avoid or reduce these legal risks.
1.You can only use Alibaba Puhui fonts and cannot change them.
The legal statement on the platform of Alibaba fonts has made it clear that the fonts are free and can be used for commercial purposes but cannot be used by violating a law or published without due authorization. More importantly, Alibaba hasn’t given users the right to modify the fonts, unlike Siyuan fonts, another type of free open source fonts. The above legal statement is as follows.
1.The Trademark Law of the People’s Republic of China
Co-promulgated by the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress
Promulgation date: 23 April 2019
Implementation date: 1 November 2019
The main contents of this amendment are: 1. new regulations on bad faith registration: refusal of trademark registration applications for a purpose other than use of the trademark and including “trademark registration applications for a purpose other than use of the trademark” as a valid reason for claiming trademark opposition or invalidity; 2. giving more serious punishment for infringement of proprietary rights in the trademark by increasing the multiple used to calculate the amount of damages for a malicious infringement of proprietary rights in the trademark from larger than one but smaller than three to larger than one but smaller than five and increasing the upper limit on legal damages from RMB three million to RMB five million. (Source: Website of the National People’s Congress)
Article Fourteen of the Rules on Protection of the Right to Disseminate Information on the Internet provides that “a person may send a written notice requiring providers of storage space, searches, links and other internet services relating to a work, performance or audio or video product that the person believes infringes their right to disseminate information on the internet or causes their electronic information about management of their rights to be removed or changed remove or invalidate links to the work, performance or audio or video product”. Articles 22 and 23 of the Rules further provide that storage space, search, link and other internet services providers who have performed the removal obligations under the notice from the information owner do not need to pay compensation.
1.The Foreign Investment Law of the People’s Republic of China
Co-promulgated by the National People’s Congress
Promulgation date: 15 March 2019
Implementation date: 1 January 2020
This law will replace the Sino-Foreign Joint Venture Law, Foreign Funded Enterprise Law and Sino-Foreign Business Cooperation Law to be the legal basis for foreign investment in China. According to this law, organizational forms and structures of foreign funded businesses and their course of action should be governed by the Company Law, the Partnership Law and relevant laws, provided that foreign funded businesses set up before the implementation of this law may continue existing in their original organizational form. Foreign investment means direct or indirect investment made in China by natural people, businesses or other organizations in foreign countries, including establishment of a new business, merger and acquisition, creation of a new project and other forms of investment; Capital contributions, profits, capital gains, earnings relating to assets disposal, royalties from licensed use of intellectual property rights, legal redress or compensation, earnings relating to liquidation, etc. can be transferred in RMB into China or transferred in foreign currency out of China. The Chinese government protects intellectual property rights of foreign investors and foreign funded businesses and legal interests of people owning or relating to these intellectual property rights. The Chinese government implements the pre-establishment national treatment and negative list system for foreign investments and follows the principle of treating foreign and domestic investors equally when supervising and administering foreign investments. Foreign investments that will or may affect the national security will be inspected. (Source: Website of the National People’s Congress)
(By Lisa Li)The EU General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”) affects a broad range of people outside the EU. Certain Chinese businesses are very likely to be bound by GDPR. This article briefly discusses how GDPR affects Chinese businesses and what Chinese businesses should do to comply with GDPR.
1.The Application of GDPR to Chinese Businesses
This is a matter of applicability. GDPR applies to the following people.
(a) People established in the EU who control or process data and process personal data while doing business regardless of where these data are processed.
1. Announcement on Publishing the Regulations on Overseas Inspection of Medicine and Medical Instruments
Promulgated by the State Administration for Market Regulation
Document number: No.101 in 2018 by the State Administration for Market Regulation
Promulgation date: 26 December 2018
Effective date: 26 December 2018
The Announcement states that overseas inspections are conducted for medicine and medical instruments that have been marketed or are proposed to be marketed and that overseas inspections do not only include inspections in places where production is being performed but mean inspections in places where research, development or production is being performed. Matters to be investigated are decided by considering risks in registration, supervision, examination, inspection, reporting, adverse effect, etc. of medicine and medical instruments as required for risk control. (Source: Website of the State Administration for Market Regulation)
(By Shi Weidong)On 4 January 2019 the Supreme Court of China promulgated the Legal Interpretation (II) of Issues Concerning the Application of Laws Relating to Construction Work Contract Disputes (“Interpretation II”) .
The promulgation of the Interpretation II marks the first time in the past fourteen years that the supreme court gives a detailed explanation of laws relating to construction work contracts since the Legal Interpretation (I) of Issues Concerning the Application of Laws Relating to Construction Work Contract Disputes (“Interpretation I”) was carried out on 1 January 2005.
(By Tian Shanshan) The Chinese Company Law and legal interpretations thereof provide that founders are responsible for paying in full their capital contributions. However, should founders of a company be responsible for paying in full their capital contributions if the company was established before the Company Law 2005 took effect, the first law setting forth responsibilities of a company’s founders for paying in full their capital contributions? Another issue in this case is how to define the founder’s responsibilities and protect the creditors’ interests. Legal authorities didn’t deal with this issue in the same way.
1.Patent Agent Regulations
Promulgated by the State Council
Document number: No.706 State Council Order
Promulgation date: November 19th, 2018
Effective date: March 1st, 2019
The Regulations sets forth patent agent responsibilities for their signature, stating that patent agents should be responsible for patent cases they have signed to handle. In addition, it contains details of patent agent aid services and encourages patent agencies to provide aid services for small businesses and low-income people, advising on patent applications and their legal rights. (Source: Website of the State Council)