—introduction on PPH programs between China and USA, Japan
Recently, China government has speeded up the process of international patent cooperation. Currently, the Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH) Program between China and several other countries has started or prepared to start. Among the cooperations, the Sino-Japan PPH is piloting from 1st November, 2011, the Sino-America PPH will be carried out on 1st December, 2011, and Sino-Korea program will start from March, 2012.
PPH allows applicants to obtain corresponding patents faster and more efficiently, avoids unnecessary repeated works of the OSF, simplifies the prosecution procedure and benefits the applicant as well as the industry. PPH was first tried out by and between U.S.A and Japan in 2006, and officially operated from 2008. So far, South Korea and some European countries have participated in the program.
In simple words, under the Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH), an applicant receiving a ruling from the Office of First Filing (OFF) that part claim in the application filed in the OFF is patentable, and his/her corresponding claims could meet conditions including fully corresponding between the claims and the information shareing between the offices, may request that the Office of Second Filing (OSF) fast track the examination of corresponding claims in corresponding applications filed in the OSF.
For the first two signed PPH programs, Bridge IP Law Commentary will introduce you the conditions and procedure of American and Japanese patentee’s application in China for your reference, and we also believe the cooperation between China and other countries shall also follow the such regulations.
Under the program, American and Japanese applicant could request accelerated examination basing on the application in the patent office of its own country to SIPO once it could meet the legal conditions and relevant documents are submitted. And the work product includes the general work product and the patent cooperation treaty (PCT) national phase application.
First, the application of PPH in the patent office of the applicant’s country shall be valid under the Paris Convention and PCT, especially shall conform to the regulations concerning the priority, therefore, it could be concluded that the premise of PPH agreement shall be the Paris Convention and PCT Agreement.
Second, there’re also regulations on the work product of the applicant’s own country’s patent office
First, the work product shall be patentable and allowable, namely part or all the right claims could be patented, such as the patentability and allowablity is pointed out in the Decision to Grant a Patent, Decision of Refusal, Refusal Notice, though the patent application is not necessarily approved hereby.
For this, the PPH agreement between China and America has made detailed regulations on the patent approval process in U.S.A, which says that any right claim in the column of “Claim(s) is/are allowed” in the Notice of Allowability and Fees Due, Non-Final Rejection or Final Rejection could all be deemed as the patentability. Furthermore, as to the right claim in the column of Claim(s)_____is/are objected to in the Non-Final Rejection or Final Rejection, as pointed by United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) officials, it could also be the allowable once it could be altered to the independent right claims. However, when a claim is rejected and the USPTO examiner indicates in the Office action that certain features of the allowable/patentable invention have not been claimed and if properly claimed such claim may be given favorable consideration, the suggested and hypothetical claims are not regarded as allowable/patentable in this program.
Second, the work product shall be fully corresponding. The correspondence demands the application to SIPO shall contain the same or similar scope to the application to USPTO or JPO, or it shall be narrow then the later one.
Third, the PPH agreements of Sino-American and Sino-Japan cooperation have detailed regulations on the work product in the international phase of a PCT, including WO/ISA, WO/IPEA and the ISA and IPEA of IPER could be the work product of PPH, while ISR could not be the application, or any application commented in column VIII could not apply for the PPH. In addition, the patent application scope for work product of PPH in the international phase of PCT is limited to be corresponding to the relevant national phase of PCT.
In addition to that, the exception conditions are also be agreed in the Agreement. The applicant is permitted to alter the documents including the right claim on the request of substantial examination or within 3 months after the receipt of the substantive examination notice issued by SIPO. That gives the applicant a chance for making up, and it also shows the fast and efficiency of the program.
At last, there also regulations demands on procedure for the application, it says that the applicant must have received the Notice of Publication of Invention Patent Application and the Notice of Invention Patent Application Entering into Substantive Examination Stageissued from the SIPO before, or when, filing the PPH request. There’s a exception in the agreement that the applicant is permitted to apply PPH claims when requesting the substantive examination. Besides, the PPH also demands the applicant have not received any office action issued from the substantive examination departments in the SIPO before, or when, filing the PPH request.
As to the document necessary for the PPH program, it shall include the Request for Participation in the Patent Prosecution Highway Program and the copy and translation of the office action attached (on the substantive examination on the patentability of USPTO and JPO) , the copy and translation of all the right claims determined to be allowable and patentable by USPTO and JPO, the copies of references and claim correspondence table cited by the USPTO and JPO examiner.
In those instances where the request does not meet all the requirements set forth above, the applicant will be notified and the defects in the request will be identified. The applicant may be given opportunity, one time only, to correct certain specified defects. If the request is not approved, the applicant may resubmit the request up to one time. If the resubmitted request is still not approved, the applicant will be notified and the application will await action in its regular turn.
By comparing the two PPH agreements, it could be concluded that the program demands, procedure and documents presentable in China’s PPH cooperation with other countries are roughly defined. However, for the different examination ways among the countries, the applicant shall still pay attentions to many aspects in application and examination reasons. Besides, the PPH programs discussed today are all in pilot for one year, and Bridge IP Law Commentary believes the more detailed and efficient regulations on the program will be promulgated after practices for the formal program.
Author: Mr. Huang Mengren
Attorney-at-law of DeBund Law Offices
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