Why QQ Pinyin suffered due to Unfair Competition from Sogou Pinyin?

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(By You Yunting) Abstract: Although the Advertising Law stipulates that advertisements may not make excessive use of superlatives in advertising products and services, a business operator using absolutist phrasing and imagery alone is insufficient to find one guilty of unfair competition. Although it is true that many methods of advertising on the Internet are not yet clearly defined in the laws, if a company’s methods would be considered to go beyond those of a normal business practice, it can be assured that those operators may face the possibility of lawsuits and possible criminal actions.

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Infringing Goods shall not be Determined as Well-Known Goods

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Abstract: Under the circumstances of prior trademark rights on the same goods, determining similar trade name used by another person as the special name belonging to a well-known commodity shall be limited. Furthermore, the courts shall necessarily review the ownership of prior trademark as the fact of a case.

(By Luo Yanjie) The special name belonging to a well-known commodity is a protective approach for an unregistered trademark. In particular, the special name shall have no severability itself; otherwise, it shall be limited. In today’s post, we will introduce a case with this element with the following analysis:

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In Selling Train Ticket Insurance, Why Did JD.com Deliberately Break the Unfair Competition Law?

Abstract:

(By You Yunting) The greed of JD.com and Ctrip.com (NASDAQ: CTRP) has been fully revealed, for they have added insurance fees as a compulsory sale with its train ticket offerings. In reality, all JD and Ctrip want to do is become engaged in the huge amount of train ticket transactions that take place every year in China, yet not be restricted by the statutorily imposed agency fee of up to RMB five Yuan. Clearly, it is plain to see that these two parties have sold insurance tacked onto ticket agency train tickets as a means of gaining even more profit. However, such a strategy could be considered entirely invalid, and in addition likely in violation of the Unfair Competition Law due to its chasing of illegal profits through such sales.

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What Information Could Be Considered as Trade Secret in Tech Product Transaction in China?

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(By Albert Chen) The tech product transaction involves the information of technology and business. Among such information, to judge which part could be considered as trademark secret, it shall be based upon Article 10 of the Anti Unfair Competition Law, which regulates that to determine the trade secret, the court shall evaluate “whether it is known to the public”, “benefiting”, “practicability” and “confidentiality”.

Case Summary

In 1998, Shanghai Zhenxing Aluminum Co., Ltd. (the “Zhengxing Company”) developed a manufacturing technology, which the company used to produce articles. This technology created by Zhenxing set the standard for the production of the article. Shanghai Huikai Aluminum Co., Ltd. (the “Huikai Company”) was founded on September 10th 2003, and afterwards carried out the business in the same product manufacturing as Zhenxing. As investigated, among the 70 clients of Huikai, 68 once transacted with Zhenxing. For these clients, most products they purchased from Huikaiu were almost the same as those they bought from Zhenxing. Furthermore, Qin and Pan, who are now working in Huikai, are former employees of Zhenxing. During their employment with Zhenxing, the company signed confidential article in the labor contract and also an independent confidential agreement.

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How to Determine the Recognition Level of Products in Unfair Competition Disputes in China, II

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Comments on the unfair competition case between Ferrero and Jinsha

Today, we will share our opinions on the following issues related to the case introduced in yesterday’s post: the scope of name recognition, whether a product’s packaging can refer to the products of others, and protection over product packaging through the use of trademarks.

Lawyer comments:

The interpretations of the judges in the first and second instance courts and the review court help us better understand the following issues involved in unfair competition cases:

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How to Determine the Recognition Level of Products in Unfair Competition Disputes in China, I

金莎vs费雷罗

Comments on the unfair competition case between Ferrero and Jinsha

Today and tomorrow, we will analyze several issues raised by the Ferrero and Jinsha unfair competition
case. Namely: the scope of name recognition, whether a product’s packaging can refer to the products of others, and protection over product packaging through trademark protection. Today, we will briefly introduce the case facts and the opinions held by the deciding courts.

Case summary:

Ferrero Company registered the trademark “FERRERO ROCHER” in China in 1986 and its FERRERO ROCHER chocolate (“Ferrero Chocolate”) entered the Chinese market in 1988. The Ferrero Chocolate packaging has the following features: 1) gold, ball-shaped foil wrapping; 2) the “FERRERO ROCHER” trademark printed as a decoration within an oval on the gold foil; 3) each chocolate wrapped in gold foil is padded with additional brown paper; 4) outer packaging is made of transparent plastic, so that the inner gold-wrapped balls can be seen from the outside; and 5) a red ribbon-like decoration printed on the trademark of the chocolate.

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How to Settle Trademark and Trade Name Conflict in China

By Albert Chen

For the prior approval on the company name by the administration of industry and commerce as well as the preliminary examination by the trademark authority in China, no material checks on any conflict against first rights would be conducted. And that has resulted in the numerous conflicts between the trade name and trademark. In today’s post, you could see our opinions on the settlement of the conflict.

I. The administrative way

It is feasible to settle the trademark and trade name conflict through administrative way in China. By Opinions on Several Issues concerning the Settlement on the Conflict between Trademark and Trade Name (the “Opinions”) issued by the SAIC (the State Administration of Industry and Commerce), the conflict occurred within a province shall be settled as in charge of the provincial administration of industry and commerce, and those involves different provinces, shall be settled by SAIC.

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Analysis on Legal Risk of Out-of-Account Kickback by Foreign Invested Companies in China

By Luo Yanjie

As the mid-autumn festival is drawing on, the producers and sellers of moon cakes in cities throughout China (note: the link is in Chinese) are keen in the promotion of the snack. And by the investigation of some reporters, some merchants even try to get a big order for the moon cake by risking the kickback, and by one case, the reporter pretended to order 200 boxes of moon cakes in the name of a company, the kickback offered to him is 6% of each 10 thousand purchase, that means a total feedback of RMB 2, 400 will be paid to the reporter for the 200 boxes purchase. And in addition to the official kickback, another part of rebate from the salesman is also available.

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Legal Analysis on Conflict Between Domain and Name Right According to Chinese Law, I

By Albert Chen

In recent, one of the hot news in China, might be Mr. Zhou Libo’s taking back the network domain in his name (Zhou is the comedian star of Shanghai style small talk, a talk-show like performance in Shanghai dialect). Ms. Yue from Beijing registered “zhoulibo.com” (the “domain”) in 2007, and in September of 2011, Mr. Zhou filed the arbitration in the Asian Domain Name Dispute Resolution Centre (ADNDRC), claiming that the main part of the domain is as same as the pinyin of his name which is highly possible to result in the misunderstanding among the public. The ADNDRC finally adjudicated the domain to Mr. Zhou. For the dissatisfaction with the decision, Ms. Zhou brought the dispute to Shanghai No.2 Intermediate People’s Court, but the court refused all the claims of her.

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